Yukhari-Garabakh economic-geographical region print

The region lies in the South Eastern part of the Lesser Caucasus with Jabrail. Fuzuli, Khojavand, Aghdam, Khojali, Tartar, Shusha and Khankendi areas. The relief of the region is mountainous. The Northern part of Upper Garabagh economic geographical region includes the south eastern slopes of Garabagh chain, Northern, central, Western and Southern parts of Murovdagh chain (the highest peak of Lesser Caucasus is Garnish Mountain with 3724 m), Eastern slopes and South Eastern parts of Garabagh chain (Gizilgala Mountain - 2843 m, Girkheiz Mountain - 2827 m. Boyuk-Kirs Mountain - 2725 m) and Western parts of Mil plain. The region borders on Iran Islamic Republic. The South and South Eastern parts of Murovdagh and Garabagh chains descends with a few pails towards Garabagh and Mil plains. Deep and steepe valleys have been formed with the splitting of ridges with rivers and their branches. There are termontane depressions in the riverside splitting areas of middle mountain areas. Murovdagh, Garabagh, Aghdam anticlinoriums of Lesser Caucasus second class sediments and Khojavand and Toraghaychay sinclinoriums dividing them represent the geological structure of the region. The arches of anticlinoriums were formed with volcanic rocks of Jurassic Period meanwhile remote wings of arch and synclinal structures that make it complicated was formed by Upper Jurassic limestones and volcanic and sedimentary rocks of Cretaceous Period. Sometimes they were cut by intrusions. Anthropogenic sediments have spread in plains and low parts of river valleys.
The middle temperature in January is 2-0.5° C in plains and foothills, - 4-13° C in high mountainous areas and 25-26 and 15-14° C accordingly in July. Annual precipitation is over than 800-900 mm in high mountainous areas. Sometimes there is year round snow on the peaks of Murovdagh chain. The main rivers are Kura and its tributaries Tartar, Khachin, Gargar and Araz River with its tributaries Kondalanchay, Guruchay, Gozluchay etc.

Soil: Brown, light brown, dark brown mountain, brown mountain forest, qonur dag meshe, blacklish mountain meadow and etc. is the typical soil of the region.
Vegetation: The area is rich with more than 2000 species. Wormwood, wormwood saline semi desert species are prevalent in plain areas whereas, moss, wormwood steppe and semi steppe species dominate in low lying areas and bushes, broad leaved forests (beech, oak and etc.) cover mountain slopes jf the territory. There are subalpine and alpine meadows in 2.000 - 2.300 meters height from sea level.
Annual amount of solar luster is 2000-2400 hours. According to the middle temperature of the coldest month, the severe of the winter for the area passes much milder (2.5- 0°C) and mild (0-5°C). Feasible evaporation for warm periods (April-October) is around 400-800 mm. The number of arid days is ranging between 5-25 days and less between June and September months and the middle annual rate of the wind changes around 2-3 m/second and less. The continentalness of the climate changes around weak (less than 130), moderate continental (up to 205) and middle continental (up to 165) ranges. The length of unfrosted period during the year is 150-225 days or more, but the amount of days with temperature below 0 C is 10-100 days and Jabrayil, Fuzuli, Khojavand, Aghdam and Tartar is 50 days, 20-50 days in Khojali and Khankandi and 50-100 days in Shusha. The days with snow cover fluctuates between 100-120 days in certain areas of the region.